Coimbra is a historical municipality of the Portuguese territory that is located in the historical region of Beira Litoral (central region). This city, crossed by the Mondego River, was home to the first dynasty of the kingdom of Portugal and houses the first university of the country, one of the oldest in Europe. Coimbra was national capital of culture in 2003.
This territory has been populated since Antiquity, and vestiges of different cultures can still be found today. In Roman times the territory was called Aeminium. During the Visigothic rule in the Peninsula, Coimbra became a sub-county of the domains of the Gothic king Witiza. Subsequently, the territory will be the first bastion of the representative advance of the Portuguese Reconquest to the south.