Doing the Camino de Santiago is a very complete experience, it offers you hiking, culture, history, gastronomy and, why not, very good wines. In fact, on this millenary pilgrimage route you will cross several territories with a great wine tradition and culture, various areas of vineyards and even a fountain that emanates wine. The culture of wine and the Camino de Santiago are closely linked, as the medieval pilgrims relied more on wine, which they often carried in their gourds, than on the river water itself, as they did not know how drinkable it was. If you are passionate about wine and want to know more, keep reading, because we will show you the paths that will offer you the most important designations of origin of the peninsula.
Wines of the French Way
The French Way, on entering Spain through Roncesvalles, awaits us with a glass of good wine. The Autonomous Communities of Navarra and La Rioja are famous for their good red and rosé wines, perhaps the best in Spain and of great worldwide fame. The Rioja Designation of Origin was the first in Spain to receive the Qualified Designation of Origin in 1991, and it is an area with a great winemaking tradition, with a dedication of more than 2000 years.
There are three sub-zones, Rioja Oriental, Rioja Alavesa and Rioja Alta, located on the banks of the river Ebro, where more than 1000 wines are produced, the favourite red varieties being Tempranillo and Garnacha. The tradition is so strong that even in the town of Ayegui, pilgrims are offered free wine at the fountain. Fountain of Wine at the Irache Wineries this custom has survived since the Middle Ages, when the monks offered wine to pilgrims for its restorative properties.
Later, already in the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León, the protagonist role passes to the Denomination of Origin Ribera del Duero. The vineyards on the banks of the Duero River offer a product that envies nothing to Rioja wine, and it is also a highly valued wine internationally. Many red grape varieties are grown, the main one being Tempranillo, also known as Tinta del País or Tinto Fino. As a white grape variety, the Albillo Mayor stands out.
They say that Castilla is wide, and its oenological offer expands when we get to the province of León, in whose lands we find the Denomination of Origin Bierzo. The region of El Bierzo, bordering Galicia. The most important grape variety is the red grape Mencía, being very valued also the white grape variety Godello.
Wines of the Portuguese Way
The Portuguese routeto Santiago de Compostela offers a wide range of wines of great value, both in Portugal and in Spain. Although there are red and white wines, in this case the latter are especially famous.
In Oporto, on the banks of the Douro River, the wine tradition is known worldwide, and in fact it holds the Porto Denomination of Origin and the Douro Denomination of Origin. If you order the first one you should know that it is a fortified wine with brandy added before the fermentation process is finished. The vine is grown in Alto Douro, near Oporto, but it is specifically in front of this city, on the south bank of the Douro River, the ideal place to savour it: in Vila Nova de Gaia you can visit the cellars where this historic wine was stored for export. Its consumption and production is closely linked to Great Britain, where it has been very popular since the 18th century.
We continue heading north towards Santiago de Compostela and between the rivers Douro and Minho we will cross the Portuguese region where the green wine is produced, also with its Vinho Verde Denomination of Origin. It is a wine that is often slightly sparkling, and is called green because the grapes are harvested very young, without having matured much. The white grape variety albariño stands out, although we can also find red varieties. After port wine, green wine is the second most exported wine in Portugal.
Already in Spain we find the region of O Rosal, in the south of the province of Pontevedra, with its wine that is part of the Designation of Origin Rías Baixas. The valley of O Rosal is on the northern bank of the river Miño, and extends from Tui to the river’s mouth in A Guarda. The main grape variety is the white albariño grape, and every third weekend of July its fair is celebrated, where you can taste this little known wine.
Still in the province of Pontevedra we find the well-known albariño wine, which like the previous one also forms part of the Designation of Origin Rías Baixas. Highly valued by all palates, it is made with 100% white grape variety albariño. It is the protagonist of any Galician table, perfect with octopus, fish and seafood.
Wines of the Winter Road
The city of Ponferrada is the birthplace of the Winter Wayas an alternative to the passage of the French Way through the snowy mountains of the Ancares in winter. In addition to having in common with the French route the wines of Bierzo, this route runs through the region of Valdeorras, where you can taste the wines of the region, the designation of Origin Valdeorras. The main varieties are the red grape mencía and the white grape godello.