Bilbao, or Bilbo in Basque, is the capital of the Basque Country and is located on the Northern Way. Geographically, it is located on the mouth of the river Nervión in the estuary of Bilbao. It is the most populated city in the whole of the Basque Country, which together with its metropolitan area is projected in an urban continuum over the estuary, with more than one million inhabitants.
This area was one of the regions of strong industrialization during the policies of Franco’s developmentalism, so it suffered a strong crisis associated with the industrial restructuring of 1983. However, unlike many other industrial areas that went into decline, Bilbao knew how to reorient itself and rebuild itself economically. Its process of reconversion and landscape and natural restoration of the estuary is one of the most praised and outstanding in Spain. Today, it stands as one of the most dynamic metropolis of the country, sharing cultural scenarios of reference, at the height of cities like Madrid or Barcelona.
A little history
Bilbao is part of the historical territory of the Basque Country. It was founded in 1300 by Diego López de Haro V “El Intruso”, Lord of Bizkaia. It seems that its dynamism and consolidation would come from the establishment of the Jacobean route of the north, and the growth of its port associated with trade.